|ANNE WANNER'S Textiles in History / book reviews, articles|
|silk embroidered vestments
of early 17th c., from Tirol
(Seidenbestickte Leinenparamente des frühen 17. Jhs)
in: Der Schlern, 74, 2000, 7, p. 407
|The Autor compiled a
catalogue of embroidered linen vestments of the early
17th c.in the Alp region. Impuls was the discovery of an
embroidery used as lining of an altarfrontal. This lining
used to be an altarfrontal itself. It is ornamented with
applications of loose and brightly coulored yarns and
paillettes. Large flowers on thin tendrils surround the
centre group with Mary and archangels Michael and
Gabriel. The Virgin herself is represented with a crown
and sceptre in a glory.
The representation of the Madonna shown as a queen follows the type of the so called Madonna "Patrona Bavariae", which was widely spread over the region of South Germany in the early 17th c. The Autor found a number of very similar embroideries in small churches, but also in Museums of Innsbruck, Brixen, Triest, Bozen.
|Another group of very
similar vestments was found in the alp region inclusive
Croatia Slovenia. This means that there probably was a
main center of production in Tirol, but other workshops
must have existed as well.
The embroidery technique is a very simple one which probably was not executed by professional embroiderers. Maybe it was done in convents or by nobel women in their homes. They all show floral pattern with figural scenes included. Very often there are representations of the Virgin Mary, but there are also saints and 2 examples show the crucifixtion.
|A catalogue of 38 entries
with pictures is added to the article. Six more
chasuables are known but it was not possible to receive
informations about them.
Among the chasuables there are 2 chalice veils and the altar frontal mentionned in the beginning as a starting point of the research.
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