|ANNE WANNER'S Textiles in History / exhibitions|
++41 71 222 17 44
fax: ++41 71 223 42 39
Mo - Sa: 10-12, 14-17
first Wed. every month: 10-17
Nature and Landscape - Textiles and Drawings
textiles and drawings of nature
an exhibition to
9 May 2001 to 7 October 2001
|The earliest naturalistic
representation of a tree in the possession of the Textile
Museum is a row of fruit trees on a Coptic fabric of late
antiquity, i.e. of the 6-7 centuries. These are fragments
of a large tapestry intended as a wall decoration. The
representation may have been based on the idea of the
Garden of Eden.
Much later, during the Baroque period, the design of decorative textiles took its bearings from the ornaments of very advanced cultures of the past. Naturalistic representations were almust exclusively arranged in a secondary position and constituted backdrops to religious or mythological pricures.
In the 18th century, a wide variety of influences provided fertile soil for a new language of forms. This included textile depictions which attempted to approximate naturalistic representation with as much accuracy as possible. Details from real landscapes, flowers, birds and insects abounded on fabrics and lace which clothed people or were used for interior decoration.
In the 19th century, the love of the landscapes of home and of rural idylls was adopted into the canon of forms. The influence of the World Exhibitions, which took place regularly in European capitals from 1851, is reflected in a great pluralism of styles. After 1860, products from the Far East began to have an impact on European manufacture. This influence can be seen on the fire screens and blinds that were produced in Switzerland.
|These textiles, which were inspired by nature and landscape, now engage in a fascinating dialogue with Urs Hochuli's subtle drawings of nature. Hochuli worked in St.Gallen for many years, as the head designer of a textile company, and as a teacher at the College of Textile Design. On the basis of the conclusion that the study of natural forms and their transfromation into ornaments is an indispensable prerequisite for textile designers, he not only developed a way of teaching that can be described as an actual "school of seeing", but he also created artistic works of his own, in which natural forms are the central element. Apart from flowers, birds and ants, it is particularly the drawings of stones that are striking.|
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