|ANNE WANNER'S Textiles in History / publications|
|World exhibitions and
design, 1851 - 1878, as shown in publications from
published in: CIETA-Bulletin No 75, 1998, p. 153 - 160, by Anne Wanner-JeanRichard
|page 2 of 6
back - next
|Reports on the international
exhibitions of the mid 19th century state
that the manufacturers were showing only their highest
achievements, rather than what they were actually
producing and selling every day. The exhibitions pieces
included some large tablecloths and bedcovers elaborately
worked with pictorial designs; for example a curtain
showing the conspriators in the the Rütli plot,
an historical event which brought about the foundation of
As already noted, a similar
piece, depicting William Tell, was shown at the
1851 Exhibition by the firm of John Ulrick Tanner. It was
also published in the Journal of Leipzig with
the additional information that the curtain was made of
muslin and applied silk fabric.
- STAEHELI-WILD, C., St Gall -
Manufacturer. Table-cloth or bedcover;
superfine embroidery. Another, the same design, in fine
long-stitch; the price of this last is only a fifth of
Net-white embroidery. Muslin. Collar on French cambric; and on muslin, fine embroidery and long-stitch.
Insertions on muslin. Gentleman's shirt and waistcoat on French cambric.
All designed by Mr. Herrmann Schlatter at St Gall.
The archives of St Gallen show that Herrmann Schlatter (19.12.1813-16.9.1887) arrived here from Herisau (canton of Appenzell) in 1844 and worked as a designer in the firm of Staeheli-Wild for over 40 years (7); he and Johann Ulrich Rohner (born 1820, originated from Wolfhalden) are the first Swiss textile designers whose names are known. Rohner was mentioned in a St Gallen report of 1843 (8), where it was also noted that an embroidery designer must understand the characteristics of fine whitework embroidery and, above all, must know how to use raised work and appliqué to greatest effect. In addition to taste and a feeling for art and manual skill, a designer should also have a good knowledge of textile techniques if his patterns were to be practicable. Rohner designed embroidery motifs from his very own ideas, which means that he did not use patterns from Paris
Wilhelm Koch (5.12.1823-13.11.1897) lived in the same period of the 19th century; he came to St.Gallen from Germany and he won many prizes for his relief embroideries.
5 - NZZ (Neue Zuercher Zeitung), No. 47, Zuerich, 26th february 1982: exhibition of new acquisitions of 1981 in the Swiss National Museum of Zuerich.
6 - Schneider, Jenny, Textilien, Katalog der Sammlung des Schweizerischen Landesmuseums Zuerich, 1975, p. 182.
7 - Johannes Stauffacher, Studienreisen, St. Gallen 1897, p. 257.
8 - H. Schinz, Bericht über die Schweiz. Gewerbs- und Industrie-Ausstellung in St. Gallen, 1843.
tablecloth made by Staeheli-Wild
of tablecloth made by Staeheli-Wild
|London||Designers||Reports||Machines||Style||Later 19th c.|
|content||Last revised July 29, 2004|